Teachers' Manual

Teacher's Manual

In general, teachers can find it difficult to teach astronomy because they lack the necessary knowledge and training, as the majority of primary and lower second level teachers have not studied astronomy in school or in college. Moreover, teaching astronomy requires an understanding of abstract concepts, as well as space and time concepts, which help to explain phenomena as concretely as possible.

The development of a comprehensive Teachers’ Manual will assist teachers to acquire confidence in these areas and will help them to introduce the topic of astronomy in their classrooms.


The manual consists of different topics, along with proposed informal activities that will engage teachers to develop interactive and hands-on activities in the classroom, in all the partners’ languages.
The modules include familiar topics such as the seasons, the solar systemtides, etc., as well as some topics that are not well known to students, like the creation of starsgravitymoon phases, etc.


Through research in all the partners’ countries (IR, PT, EL, CY, NL, ES) gaps in astronomy education were identified. The Manual helps to address these deficits and supports teachers to develop innovative learning activities in their classrooms on the topic of astronomy and its related concepts in primary and lower second level education.  In support of the two main objectives of the project   
- Promote astronomy in schools through game-based learning 
- Improve the quality of education in the fields of STEM  
It is envisaged that teachers will gain new learning material and tools for introducing a new topic or improving an existing one in their curriculum. The manual includes a comprehensive approach, including content on several topics of astronomy, accompanied by educational activities, resulting in hands-on training and innovative approaches as well as enhancement of STEM skills.  
For more information on the Manual Content see HERE

To DOWNLOAD the full manual in your preferred language – SEE BELOW

Teachers' Manual

Click on the images below to find the Teacher's Manual in each project language!